Characteristics of central vein stenosis patients at Abdoel Wahab Sjahranie Hospital Samarinda

Main Article Content

Fritzky Wandy Thedjakusuma
Ramadhani Hengki Wijaya
David Hermawan Christian
Michael Caesario
Ivan Joalsen Mangara Tua


Central vein stenosis, Hemodialysis, Vascular Access


Background: Central vein stenosis (CVS) is a common complication in using a central venous catheter in hemodialysis (HD) access, and its incidence in Indonesia has not been obtained. This study aims to evaluate the characteristics of CVS patients in Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Hospital, Samarinda.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted by collecting CVS patients’ data from the medical records between January 2018 to August 2021. The demographic data and the characteristics of CVS patients were collected. The data obtained were analyzed in descriptive form and displayed in a table.

Results: This study involved 23 subjects. The characteristics of CVS patients included: Highest sex group was males (61%); Age group was in the range 51-70 years (60%); Clinical feature was swelling (83%); Site of stenosis was in the subclavian vein (87%), on the left side (57%), type of occlusion were partial (67%) and single (87%), and the result of angioplasty was a success (61%).

Conclusion: This study showed that CVS was male predominant, in the range 51-70 years, the most complaint was swelling in the arms that were mostly on the left side, and the location of the most stenosis was in the subclavian vein, with partial and single occlusion, as well as good treatment with angioplasty.

Abstract 126 | pdf Downloads 148


1. Ranuartha NS, Yasa KP. Karakteristik pasien stenosis vena sentral dengan penyakit ginjal kronik yang menjalani hemodialisa di RSUP Sanglah Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Intisari Sains Medis. 2021;12(1):9–13.
2. Wilson S, Mone P, Jankauskas SS, Gambardella J, Santulli G. Chronic kidney disease: Definition, updated epidemiology, staging, and mechanisms of increased cardiovascular risk. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2021/01/17. 2021;23(4):831–4. Available from:
3. Al-Balas A, Almehmi A, Varma R, Al-Balas H, Allon M. De Novo Central Vein Stenosis in Hemodialysis Patients Following Initial Tunneled Central Vein Catheter Placement. Kidney360. 2021;3(1):99–102. Available from:
4. Osman OO, El-Magzoub A-RA, Elamin S. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Central Venous Stenosis among Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients, a Single Center Experience. Arab J Nephrol Transplant. 2014;7(1):45–7.
5. Suhartono R, Supit C. Duration and frequency of catheterization in central vein stenosis: A case control study. The New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery. 2019;4(1):16–8.
6. Agarwal AK. Central Vein Stenosis: Current Concepts. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2009;16(5):360–70. Available from:
7. Agarwal AK, Patel BM, Haddad NJ. Central Vein Stenosis: A Nephrologist’s Perspective. Semin Dial. 2007;20(1):53–62. Available from:
8. Megatia I, Darwis P. Keberhasilan Venoplasti untuk Mengatasi Stenosis Akibat Pemasangan CDL pada Vena Sentral di Rumah Sakit Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo. Jurnal llmu Bedah Indonesia. 2020;46(1):41–61. Available from:
9. Agarwal AK. Central Vein Stenosis. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2013;61(6):1001–15. Available from:
10. Banshodani M, Kawanishi H, Shintaku S, Moriishi M, Yamashita T, Ago R, et al. Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty for Central Venous Disease in Dialysis Patients: Influence on Cardiac Function. J Vasc Access. 2014;15(6):492–7. Available from: